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cross over sub

  Cross-over sub acts for conversion and connection of drill stem component in petroleum ,natural gas and geology drilling work.It is used mainly for connecting of upper drill tools and lower drill tools during drilling operations. 

The cross over sub in 4 types of main structure 

Sort Description Upper Connection Part Lower Connection Part Type
1 Kelly cross-over sub Kelly Drill pipe A or B
2 Drill pipe cross-over sub Drill pipe Drill pipe A or B
3 Interim cross-over sub Drill pipe Drill collar A or B
4 Drill collar cross-over sub Drill collar Drill collar A or B
5 Drill bit cross-over sub Drill collar Drill bit A or B
6 Swivel cross-over sub Swivel lower sub Kelly C
7 Fishing cross-over sub Kelly Drill pipe C
Drill pipe Fishing tools C

Types of a cross over subImportance of the drilling sub
Crossover Subs are primarily used for a couple of purposes. They are used for crossing over from the size of a single connection to the other. Crossover sub is also used for prolonging the life of the more expensive components of the drill stems. Crossover sub is available primarily in 3 forms. The connections of the Subs are available in 3 forms in the following types of configurations:
The Box - box
Box - pin
Pin - pin
The threaded connections of the Subs are protected by a coating of a durable surface of phosphate that prevents the reduction of the galling when the initial make up takes place. Subs are manufactured according to the specifications that are provided by the American Petroleum Institute API.
Crossover Subs are primarily the accessories that are required for the oil rig drill strings. Crossover circulating sub is stocked or manufactured by a number of companies according to the requirements of the customers or the particular job in question. Subs are featured with a side port or an inline port to help in the effective circulation of the fluids. Most of the connections are cut according to the certifications and ground gauges. They are machined from heat treated alloy for strength and greater durability.
Crossover sub helps in connecting one cross over size to the other or is used as the disposable component for extending the connection of an expensive drill stem member. Crossover Subs are also treated with heat. Subs sometimes require neck down transition zones for minimum drilling strength. Subs are also available in the non magnetic orientation, weaper as well as the tool connection sub varieties

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